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What you need to know about the Soekarno-Hatta airport train

Masajeng Rahmiasri | The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, March 7, 2017 | 01:18 pm

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Travelers will soon have a new way to reach Soekarno-Hatta International Airport (SHIA) in Cengkareng, Tangerang, with a train service connecting Jakarta to the airport scheduled to begin operating in July.

The Jakarta Post talked to Diah Suryandari, the JM Marcomm and public relations officer of PT Railink, a joint venture between state-owned railway operator PT Kereta Api Indonesia (KAI) and state-owned airport operator Angkasa Pura (AP) II to obtain more detailed information regarding the service.

Where to board the train?

Passengers will be able to board the train from five designated stations: Manggarai, Sudirman Baru, Duri, Batu Ceper and SHIA. However, as construction at Manggarai Station may be not yet completed in July, the service is scheduled to start from Sudirman Baru Station, which will be located across the BNI building in Central Jakarta’s Jl. Sudirman area, just beside the Ciliwung River, near Sudirman Station.

Where to get off in SHIA?

The SHIA Station will be nestled in an integrated building situated in front of the Main Power System (MPS) building at the airport, approximately 300 meters away from the the AP II building. Passengers will be able to transfer to terminals via an Automatic People Mover System (APMS), a driverless train dubbed skytrain. AP II Corporate Secretary and Legal head Agus Haryadi said the skytrain would be free of charge.

How many cars will be available?

Eventually, there will be 10 six-car trains servicing the route, however, only four six-car trains will be operating when the serve begins in July. Each train will be able to carry up to 272 passengers. In total, the trains are expected to accommodate approximately 33,000 passengers per day.

How long is the train ride?

The train is expected to take 55 minutes from Manggarai Station to SHIA Station. There will be 124 services per day with a headway of 15 minutes. However, at the beginning of the operation, there will only be 40 trains per day.

How much are tickets?

PT Railink is still considering the price of the ticket, but it is likely to be between Rp 100,000 (US$7.5) and Rp 150,000 per ride. A progressive rate is still being discussed.

Passengers will be able to book tickets through Railink’s website or mobile app, as well as selected partners’ websites. Passengers will also be able to buy tickets on the spot using designated vending machines. All ticket transactions will be cashless, allowing users to use credit, debit or prepaid cards.

Analysis

The article is feature story because it consists of tips. The article talks about a new transportation to reach Soekarno-Hatta Airport. Because there are several ways that people could choose after all the transportation operates in July.

The first paragraph consists several 5W+H question that makes the reader easily know about the main idea of the article. Since the article is feature story then at the end of second paragraph, the author wrote if the details information would be talking in the following paragraphs. But at the beginning the author also includes the interviewee to support the validity of the article.

Arleen Amidjaja: Writing with children in mind

Kurniawan | Ulung The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Mon, March 6, 2017 | 01:57 pm

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Arleen Amidjaja has published more than 250 bilingual children’s books at home and abroad since she started writing in 2004. “After publishing five books, I thought I would stop, but I couldn’t, because I am addicted to writing,” the 42-year-old laughed.

Back in 2006, her publishing company printed a book of hers, Kodi Si Kodok Bernyanyi (Kodi the Singing Frog), in an oversized format of 3 by 3 meters in Surakarta, Central Java, making it the country’s largest book according to the Indonesian Museum of Records.

“I have a photo of President Joko [“Jokowi”] Widodo reading that book. At the time, he was still the mayor of Surakarta. It is still on display at a museum there,” Arleen said.

Her works can also be found abroad, such as in Malaysia, Vietnam, India and Saudi Arabia, after overseas publishing houses, ranging from Riyadh-based Jarir Bookstore to New York-based Sterling Publishing, bought the rights to 45 of her books, such as I Love You, Mom.

Arleen said she met those publishers at international book events, such as the Bologna Children’s Book Fair in Italy in March 2015 and the Frankfurt Book Fair in Germany in October 2015, where book rights were traded.

The author said she had never dreamed she would become a writer until she became a mother and faced problems getting bilingual books for her children.

At that time, in the early 2000s, bilingual children’s books were rare. Imported books were around but expensive. That motivated her to start writing bilingual children’s books in 2004.

For the mother of two, bilingual books matter, because she wants to make children familiar with other languages as early as possible.

“According to parenting books I read, children are smart, because they can master up to six languages. I think it does not matter if children are exposed to other languages from a young age,” said the graduate of Santa Clara University in California, the United States. Her first children’s book, Marrie Si Putri Duyung (Marrie the Mermaid Princess), was warmly welcomed at home, and being a bilingual work made it all the more attractive.

“My books contain universal values, such as parents’ love and friendship,” she said. Virtue, she said, is also something that must exist in her books, such as, Segunung Rumput (The Mountain of Grass) and Toilet Sedang Diperbaiki (The Toilet is Closed for Repair), both of which foster a spirit against corruption.

For Arleen, being a children’s book writer is not just about publicity, but about children discovering their love for books.

“If their first experience is good, they might grow up as a person who likes reading, and vice versa. Children’s books are the first door for children to enter the world of literature,” she said.

Arleen, who has teamed up with nearly 100 illustrators since 2004, likes to write children’s books, because she wants to create new readers.

She also believes that whether parents like to read or not influences children’s passion for reading.

“Your children watch you all the time. We have to be a good role model. It will be difficult to make them like reading if they see that we do not read,” said Arleen, who finishes at least one book every week. For her, reading, like eating, is a habit people should develop from a young age. Noting that there were now many children’s book writers in the country, she expressed her hope that the number would continue to rise. She said a writer needed to have passion, especially since a publisher could be a hard nut to crack. New writers, she said, should read many books from different publishers to learn what kind of books each of them liked to publish. Passion would also empower writers not to easily give up.

“Even now, my books are still often rejected [by publishers],” she said. “If you want to be a writer, you have to be ready to face rejection.” Arleen said that when a publisher rejected a script of hers, she would send it to another publisher. Citing an example, she revealed that the script of Kumpulan Dongeng Kerajaan (Kingdom Tales Collection) had been rejected by a publisher because her previous books had been hard to sell at the time. She later offered the script to another publisher who accepted it, and eventually she was surprised that it became her first best-selling book.

“If you are rejected, don’t focus on the rejection. We have to believe that each script finds its own way,” she said. “I even collect all rejection letters I get.”

Analysis

The article is profile story because it talks about one person only. In here, it talks about an author, her name is Arleen Amidjaja. She writes bilingual children book since 2004.

The reader could know what the article is about only by read the first paragraph. Because it has already mentioned the main idea of the article. There are some element of 5W+h question such as, the “who, what, and when” element.

The following paragraphs tell about the details of her career and her tips and tricks about becoming an author of children book. This article is also quoted and cited what she has said during the interview. It is really important because the reader could know if the article is based on fact or not.

Ahok presents witnesses for first time in blasphemy trial

News Desk | The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, March 7, 2017 | 12:36 pm

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Unable to hit the streets on Tuesday for the first day of campaigning for the second round of the gubernatorial election, Jakarta Governor Basuki “Ahok” Tjahaja Purnama instead had to attend the latest hearing of his blasphemy trial.

It was the thirteenth hearing of his trial by the North Jakarta District Court and the first time that the defense has presented witnesses.

“The witnesses are Bambang Waluyo Djojohadikoesoemo;  Analta Amier, who is Ahok’s half brother, and Eko Cahyono,” said Ahok’s lawyer Ronny Talapessy as quoted by Kompas.com on the sidelines of the hearing at the Agriculture Ministry in Ragunan, South Jakarta.

Bambang is a politician from the Golkar Party’s Jakarta chapter who attended Ahok’s visit to Thousand Islands last September, said Ronny. It was during the visit that Ahok made a speech that allegedly blasphemed Islam. The lawyer did not explain who Eko was.

Analysis

The news story tells us about Jakarta Governor, Basuki Tjahaja Purnama “Ahok” blasphemy trial. Eventually, this news story is very brief and to the point. Therefore, the lead almost tells the reader about the main point in this news story. Because the lead consists the “what, when, how, why, and how” element. The following paragraph consists details and some evidence that the author has provided to support the validity of the data and convince the reader.

School dropout becomes Indonesia’s most ‘prestigious farmer’

Joshua Parfitt Reporter with the Yayasan Rumah Energi

Jakarta | Mon, February 27, 2017 | 04:26 pm
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“Education, by itself, does not determine a person’s success,” said Turjangun.

The 46-year-old resident of Manggisan village in Batang, Central Java, admits to dropping out of school at age 13 due to financial constraints.

On Aug. 17 last year, he was selected as Indonesia’s most ‘prestigious farmer’ after winning regional awards in Batang and Central Java. The Agriculture Minister Amran Sulaiman personally handed out the award to the accomplished farmer.

Turjangun’s path to success has been potholed with challenges. As a young teenager, he traveled to Salatiga in Central Java with an equivalent of Rp 60,000 (US$4.5) in his pocket, and used it to set up a toasted bread stall on the roadside. “With that initial capital I sent all my younger siblings to school, until they graduated in Salatiga,” he said during a workshop on organic fertilizer at his home.

In later years he became a floor-cleaner at the Wawasan newspaper office in Salatiga, with a salary that barely kept him alive. Despite other job offers coming in, he stayed on just so he could learn the inner workings of the press.

“I’m not well educated, so wherever there is knowledge I want to take hold of it,” said Turjangun. “When I see something I don’t understand I chase it. I will pay for it. My orientation is business—finding the right formula is not easy, it takes a lot of peeping around.”

In 2000, Turjangun took his hoe to half a hectare of land. He became leader of a local agricultural collective, and the indefatigable farmer started peeping around for solutions to two big problems: agricultural waste, and the cost of chemical fertilizers. He found his answer in biogas—a technology that converts livestock manure into a gas for fuel, and produces a liquid fertilizer as a by-product.

According to this father of two daughters, many communities in Indonesia are disrupted by agricultural waste. The stench of poorly handled cow manure seethes in the villages; the problem is hated, and avoided. “People rarely care about waste, but if we can make something of it, we should take care of it,” he said.

Turjangun’s search led him to become heavily involved with farmer’s federation Qariyah Thayyibah in Salatiga, where he regularly held meetings with the organization’s 15,000-odd members, encouraging them to shift to organic farming practices. “The overuse of chemical fertilizers reduces soil fertility; it also contributes to water pollution and can harm the farmer directly.”

During these years, Turjangun dabbled as a supplier to traditional medicine company Sido Muncul, began lecturing at the university STAIN in Salatiga near to where he used to be a hawker, and in 2012 received a national award from the Energy and Natural Resources Ministry for his work with biogas.

After leaving Qariyah Thayyibah in 2013, and settling for good in Batang, he began to consolidate his knowledge. “I already had a license to make fertilizer,” he said. “I had enough knowledge, and there was no [organic fertilizer] in Batang yet. I began with one bucket, two buckets, and then 50 buckets. I gave it to the local farmers, but no one wanted it because it came from waste. So I made a nice label, and sold it for Rp 10,000 a liter. Five or ten people bought it. I raised the price to Rp 25,000, and I sold a ton and a half. I raised the price again to Rp 45,000.”

In 2014, he entered his fertilizer into a competition carried out by the technology innovation foundation INOTEK. He won, and came home with $10,000.

Turjangun now makes his line of organic liquid fertilizer from rumen, the half-digested grass taken from a cow’s stomach after slaughter. His market stretches from Aceh in the west to Merauke in the east, and his company Lestari Makmur Nusantara is known to turn over Rp 975 million a month.

“My only capital has been recklessness,” Turjangun laughs. “But Insya Allah I can do it. I developed my own formula. When I got my [national organic certification] it was something they’d never seen before […] You can make fertilizer using biogas, with rumen, with anything really, so long as it’s standardized and the lab results are consistent. The question is: how can we not fall asleep, but always keep learning?”

However, his line of work has its downsides. “I’m used to showering in manure,” Turjangun jokes. “Sometimes the hose can pop out and I get rained with fertilizer. My own child doesn’t want to help out, ‘it stinks!’ she says. Ah it really hurts, when your own child says such a thing, but what’s a businessman to do? That’s our livelihood.”

Today, Turjangun is teaching a workshop on organic fertilizer in his own warehouse. Behind him are ten giant 5,300 liters yellow drums, churning out tons of light-brown liquid for a range of different purposes. The smell of his finished product is sweet and fragrant, thanks to the addition of molasses, and a precise process of fermentation.

Turjangun’s giant leap into organics is not taken blindly. When asked about the future of organic farming, he refers to President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s promise outlined in the Nawacita—or ‘nine hopes’ agenda—to build 1,000 organic villages across the archipelago nation.

Agriculture Minister Amran Sulaiman has also recently encouraged the development of organic farming. “We will support [organic farming] because it is healthy, very popular, and the export demand is extremely high,” said Amran during a World Food Day event in Boyolali back in October 2016. Amran also revealed that the production of organic food in 2016 grew 67 percent compared to 2015.

The director of Investment for Indonesia’s state-owned enterprise PT Pupuk Indonesia Holding Company has too made a statement in favor of organic farming. On Dec. 23, 2016, Guzrizal wrote that, “The national capacity for organic fertilizer is still way below the demand, especially if we want to match it to our balanced fertilizer ratio of 5:3:2.” This ratio—5 parts organic fertilizer to 3 parts NPK to 2 parts urea—has been proposed by the government, and would see a boom in organic fertilizer if realized.

Analysis

In here, the profile story told us about a man who dropout from the school became the most prestigious farmer. His name was Turjangun, he achieved his award in Batang.

The lead in this article actually used soft-lead type. Because at the first paragraph it contained a quote from the interviewee, the next paragraph contained the soft-lead that told about the background of the article, and the third paragraph was a nut-graph which clearly showed the main idea of the article.

Nike to release most cutting edge ‘Air Max’ series

News Desk | The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Thu, February 23, 2017 | 11:55 am
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Coming this March to stores everywhere is the Nike Air VaporMax, a shoe nearly a decade in the making.

Nike first hit the shelves in the 1970s when they were simply athletic shoes marketed toward runners. But since the release of Nike Airs in 1987, they’ve become status symbols. Priced at nearly US$200, the VaporMax is no different.

What makes the VaporMax stand out, though, is its build. Nike has chosen to eliminate the foam midsole and instead attach the upper — the material that wraps around the foot — directly to the sole.

According to a report by WWD, this “makes the shoe more lightweight and flexible, while maintaining durability, which is crucial in building a shoe that maintains air pressure.”

The soles will be made in one of the always-open Nike Air manufacturing innovation centers. But before this, while designing and testing the shoe, Nike used 3-D modeling and simulations to find potential problem areas.

John Hoke, vice president of Nike Global Design, called the new design an “inflection point.”

“Data-enriched design is here, but data doesn’t dream; we do,” said Hoke before also hinting at personalization as a key focus of the company in the future.

 Analysis

This feature story told about a new shoe from Nike. Nike did the research to make the shoe comfortable and suitable to the foot.

The lead of the story showed only the “when, what, and who” element in one paragraph. Then, the detail of that element followed in the following paragraphs. The article also used the citation from the expert to prove the validity of the data.

Jokowi, Turnbull start day with relaxed morning walk around Royal Botanical Gardens

Ina Parlina | The Jakarta Post
Sydney | Sun, February 26, 2017 | 10:21 am
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Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull took President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo for a short walk around the Royal Botanical Gardens on Sunday morning as the two leaders prepare to get into more serious business during a bilateral meeting around lunch time.

About a year ago, President Jokowi took the Australian leader to Tanah Abang Market in Central Jakarta for a blusukan (impromptu visit).

Just like any other Sunday, people were seen walking and jogging through the park, which borders the waters across the famous Sydney Opera House. Jokowi and Turnbull walked together without any apparent excessive security.

In a relaxed ambience, Jokowi was introduced to some passersby, including a young Australian father carrying his infant in a baby-strap on his chest.

“This is an example of a good father,” said Turnbull when he and Jokowi chatted with the man.

After wrapping up the morning walk, the two leaders will engage in a one-on-one meeting to discuss efforts to improve bilateral ties amid recent tensions in military training cooperation.

Following the row, Jokowi reportedly suggested allowing Canberra to take part in joint patrols in the South China Sea, an issue that has sparked concerns from various elements at home.

Foreign Minister Retno LP Marsudi refused to confirm whether the matter would be discussed during the meeting.

Jokowi’s two-day visit to Australia is set to focus on strengthening trade and investment and maritime cooperation. Jakarta will push for the finalization of the Indonesia-Australia Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (IA-CEPA). It is expected that the IA-CEPA will be concluded this year.

Jakarta and Canberra are also set to sign two memorandums of understanding on cooperation in maritime affairs and the creative economy.

Analysis

This news story told us about Indonesia’s President visited Australia to discuss business between Indonesia and Australia. They focused in military, trade, and maritime cooperation. As we had known if there was recent tensions about military training cooperation between those two country.

The first paragraph or the lead of the news story contained almost all the element of 5W+H questions such as the “who, what, how, where, and when” element. Therefore, without read the following paragraph the reader could know what the news story is about.

Unfortunately, the next four paragraphs contained unnecessary information about the main idea of this news story. Those four paragraphs talked about what happen during their morning walk rather than talked about the detail information that needed.

Eventually, the reader persuaded to keep read the news because the detail information were in the fifth paragraph until the last paragraph. The author provided the detail information with strong evidence.

Five interesting facts about North Korean leader Kim Jong-un

News Desk | The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Sat, February 18, 2017 | 09:03 am
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North Korea is known for being an incredibly secretive nation, and its leader, Kim Jong-un, is no different.

Not much is known about the youngest son of Kim Jong-il, including his exact date of birth — some sources say he’s 33 years old, while others say 32. Still, certain interesting facts have slipped through the cracks.

Youngest world leader

After becoming the leader of North Korea at the age of 28, Kim Jong-un became the world’s youngest leader.

Following Kim Jong-un is Qatar’s Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, who is currently 36 years old and the youngest sovereign in the world. Georgia’s former prime minister, Irakli Garibashvili, was previously second on this list and was 33 years old when he resigned in 2015.

Love of basketball

Kim Jong-un is a huge fan of basketball. He invited former Chicago Bulls basketball player Dennis Rodman to visit him on multiple occasions. Rodman has received criticism for their unusually friendly relationship. The strange relationship even spawned a documentary, Dennis Rodman’s Big Bang in Pyongyang.

Only general in the world without military experience

Kim Jong-un’s official military title is that of daejang, the senior military rank used in both North and South Korea. It’s the equivalent of both general and admiral in other countries. Despite this prestigious title, he has no military experience.

Endorsed Western junk foods that were previously banned

In an attempt to re-brand Korea and turn it into a “children’s heaven nation”, Kim Jong-un spent the early part of his reign endorsing foods like pizza, french fries and hamburgers. The first pizzeria in North Korea was opened in 2009 during his father’s rule.

Secretly went to school in Switzerland

This has not been entirely confirmed. Some say his older brother, Kim Jong-chul, might have been the one schooled in Switzerland. Certain sources say that Kim Jong-un attended the International School of Berne under the name “Pak Un” and that all of Kim Jong-il’s children were Swiss-educated.

He apparently showed a great affinity for basketball, though his grades and attendance were poor.

Analysis

This article was actually profile story because it talked about one person only from the beginning until the end of the article. But the article could be feature story because it contained the information that only few people interested.

The lead itself showed that there were some elements of 5W+H question such as the “where, how, what, and who.” Eventually, the lead didn’t tell about the main topic of the article. Therefore, the readers must read another paragraph to know what the article is about.

The next paragraph was they called it “nut graph”. Because in here the author made the main topic article clearly. The reader could easily identify the purpose of the article in this part.

ARCH ENEMY Is In The Studio, Aiming To Drop An Album By September

Greg Kennelty on February 14, 2017 at 11:53 am

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Arch Enemy‘s next album will be interesting for two reasons. For one, the band now has to follow up 2014’s War Eternal, which was massively hyped due to new frontman Alissa White-Gluz overtaking Angel Gossow’s position of 14 years. Secondly, this will be the band’s first album performed on and written by (to whatever extent) guitarist Jeff Loomis.

Guitarist Michael Amott took to Twitter to answer a fan’s question about new material, and says Arch Enemy is in the studio now and is aiming to have the new album out by maybe September.

Personally, I’m stoked. War Eternal is one of my favorite Arch Enemy albums, and with the addition of Jeff Loomis, the group is on track to drop probably one of the best of its career.

Analysis

The feature story in here was talked about upcoming a metal band “Arch Enemy” album after 2014. According to the article, the album would be interesting to await by the fans.

Actually the lead had only the “what” element. But it followed by the “why” element, because it followed by some explanations about that.

The feature story itself was actually an opinion. Because in the beginning the article told about the author felt of this album and at the end it clearly the author opinion. Although, the article provided the evidence to support the author opinion.

Indonesia ready for Freeport tribunal

Linda Yulisman | The Jakarta Post
Jakarta | Mon, February 20, 2017 | 06:24 am
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In its latest move to settle a dispute over mining policy, the government has challenged United States mining giant Freeport McMoran to go to an international arbitration tribunal for a fair result.

Recently, the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry granted approval to PT Freeport Indonesia, the local subsidiary of the politically connected gold and copper miner, to convert its contract of work (CoW) into a special mining license (IUPK). In so doing, the government will require the company to divest 51 percent of its shares and build a smelter within five years. As compensation, the government will allow Freeport to continue exporting copper concentrate.

Energy and Mineral Resources Minister Ignasius Jonan asserted that resorting to arbitration was a legal right. However, he said the government did not expect to face Freeport at an international tribunal because such a move would negatively impact their partnership.

“Nevertheless, it is a better measure than exploiting employee layoffs as a means to push the government,” Jonan said in a statement on Saturday.

Jonan also called on Freeport, the country’s largest taxpayer and oldest foreign investor, not to be “allergic” to the idea of divesting 51 percent of its controlling shares as stipulated in its CoW and the newly issued Government Regulation No. 1/2017. So far, the company has divested 9.36 percent of its shares.

The government on Friday issued a recommendation for Freeport, allowing the shipment of 1.1 million tons of copper concentrate until Feb. 16, 2018. Freeport operates Grasberg mine, the world’s second-largest copper mine, in Timika, Papua.

The recommendation was given after a five-week halt on exports. The halt in operations caused a reduction in working times, affecting some 33,000 workers. The government and Freeport have divergent views on divestment and investment guarantees and this is causing friction between the two.

Freeport has consistently stated it will only agree to the contract conversion if it secures a guarantee from the government on the firm’s long-term investment stability, including fiscal and legal certainty, as already stipulated in the CoW signed in 1991.

“PT Freeport Indonesia will keep protecting its rights under the contract of work while cooperating with the government to achieve a substitute agreement that can satisfy both parties,” Freeport spokesperson Riza Pratama said via a text message to The Jakarta Post on Sunday. Riza, however, declined to comment on any possible future moves to take the case to arbitration.

Apart from the divestment issue, the possibility of Freeport taking the case to arbitration has been stirred by a ruling from a tax court stipulating that the firm pay US$469 million in water taxes and penalties to the Papua provincial administration for the use of water between 2011 and 2015.

An internal shake-up that caused Chappy Hakim to resign from the post of president director on Saturday has also raised speculation over an arbitrationmediated dispute settlement.

Chappy, a retired air chief marshal who took the top position only three months ago, allegedly opposed the option of going to arbitration.

Kurtubi, a legislator from House of Representatives Commission VII overseeing energy and mining, said it would be better for Freeport to avoid a direct confrontation with the government through an arbitration process as the company had largely benefitted from the CoW system over the past 40 years.

“It [the government] has a big chance [of winning the dispute] because the [2009] Mining Law still acknowledges the CoW until it expires,” Kurtubi told the over the phone. “Freeport’s CoW will terminate in 2021 and after that there will be no CoWs in Indonesia, whoever the president will be. So Freeport’s demand to continue its current CoW is not realistic.”

Hikmahanto Juwono, an expert in international law at the University of Indonesia, emphasized the government’s favorable position should it meet with Freeport at a tribunal.

“If this case is taken to arbitration, the government is in a strong position because it never discriminated against Freeport. It has provided the company with alternatives, including allowing an extension of the contract of work,” Hikmahanto said. The expert suggested that the government pay attention to the desire of the Indonesian people to gain a greater degree of control over Freeport.

Despite the sizeable costs of going to arbitration, the current government should proceed because breaching the law could end in impeachment, he added.

According to a government source, the damage claim proposed by Freeport could amount to at least $8.3 billion.

Analysis

This news story was about Indonesia government wanted to have fair result of gold mining in Papua by the biggest United States mining Freeport. Therefore, they asked for arbitration tribunal to make a new policy about the mining system.

Because of the news was very serious, the lead of the news only had the “what” and “who” elements. By those elements, the reader immediately could know the main topic that the author wanted to talk about.

The next paragraph told about the “how” element. In here, the news explained about a new policy and the profit if the company agreed with the government. But in the next paragraph, it talked about negative effect of that new policy. In this case the “why” element appeared to tell about the reason behind it.

As the news story talked about serious matter, so there were a lot of citation from some experts included. The author provided those experts to convince the reader if this story based on fact and the source was valid enough to believe.

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