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January 2017

Experts weigh in on the right amount of sleep

News Desk The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, January 24, 2017 | 06:16 pm
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Research has found that we can train our bodies to require less sleep — the only catch is that this will not work for everyone.

“There are more people who would like to need less sleep than who actually need less sleep,” stated Dr. Daniel Buysse, professor of psychiatry at the University of Pittsburgh and a past president of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, as quoted by Time.

Physical activity and age are important factors in determining how much rest one needs, but most fit adults receive between seven and nine hours of sleep every night. However, one third of Americans get less than seven hours of sleep per night, remarked the Center for Disease Control and Prevention.

Buysse also said sleep was important for the functioning of the brain and body. He implies that if a person does not get an adequate amount of it, their brain cannot repair or develop new pathways. This makes it harder to store information, engage in critical thinking and pay attention. Moreover, a lack of sleep has been associated with physical health problem, such as obesity, high blood pressure and cardiac complications.

(Read also: Creating good sleeping habits)

Buysse further suggests that “in some ways, sleep deprivation is like intoxication with alcohol. People routinely misjudge how impaired they are and it’s been shown that the same thing happens with insufficient sleep.”

Nonetheless, according to Jim Horne, a sleep expert and the former director of the Sleep Research Centre at Loughborough University in England, one could feasibly teach oneself to sleep less. He contends that the number of hours that a person needs is subjective and that different claims regarding the need to get seven or eight hours of sleep per night have been exaggerated.

“I’m not advocating that people get less sleep, but I’m advocating that people not worry so much about not getting enough sleep. Especially if you’re not sleepy in the day and you’re having a fulfilling wakefulness, then you are getting enough sleep irrespective of how much you’re getting” said Horne.

Horne’s study concludes that people can reduce their usual sleep span to about six hours a night in tandem with a short nap during the day-time, as long as they do this at a steady rate.

(Read also: Simple steps to get good night sleep)

“If you feel sleepy during the day, then six hours is probably not enough for you. Instead, focus on getting quality sleep rather than worrying about the quantity.”

Sigrid Veasey, a professor at the Center for Sleep and Circadian Neurobiology at the University of Pennsylvania’s Perelman School of Medicine, emphasizes that utilizing our waking hours is another way to thrive on minimal sleep as this raises our body temperature. The temperature then cools down by bed time, helping us fall asleep more promptly at night.

Other pointers include not eating a heavy meal late in the evening, not going to bed stressed and refraining from the use of electronics. We should also ensure that our bedrooms are serene and dark just before we call it a day. (nik/kes)

Analysis

As you can see, the article is the type of feature because that is talked about something extra ordinary or giving tips for to do something. The article is told us about how expert said on the right amount of sleep.

At the lead itself there is only “what” element. The next paragraph is explanation about the lead and a prove if that explanation is valid. Because the author tries to include the citation from the expert.

The next element in the next paragraph is “why” element. It talks about the importance of the research and reason why they are doing this. It also shows in the following paragraph.

The difference about those two paragraph is in the following paragraph the author want to give an evidence if this article is valid and the readers feel closer to this article. There fore the author begins the paragraph with the name of the researcher without cites on it.

Then, the author is talked about the tips that the author want to explain.

 

 

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Harold Hayes, Survivor of Secret World War II Odyssey, Dies at 94

By ROBERT D. McFADDEN

New York Times

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Harold Hayes, the last surviving member of a band of airborne American medics and nurses who crashed-landed in Nazi-occupied Albania in 1943 and survived German attacks, blizzards and horrific privations on a 600-mile trek to their rescue on the Adriatic coast, died on Sunday in Medford, Ore. He was 94.

His death, at a hospital, followed an operation to remove a blood clot from his leg, his daughter Margaret Bleakley said.

The survival of the 30 noncombatants was a long-held secret of World War II: the story of 13 female nurses, 13 male medics and the four-man crew of a medical evacuation plane who were stranded behind enemy lines for nine weeks, hiding in primitive villages and caves in wintry mountains, afflicted with lice and dysentery, often near starvation and hunted by German patrols.

Their odyssey was classified during the war and for years afterward to protect partisan fighters, Allied agents and villagers who gave them food, shelter and guidance. Some were shot by the Germans for their acts of kindness, and after the war, as rumors became death sentences, those even suspected of helping the Americans were executed by Albania’s Communist dictator, Enver Hoxha, whose rule ended with his death in 1985.

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“For many years, I didn’t say anything about what happened in Albania,” Mr. Hayes said in a 2015 telephone interview with The New York Times from his assisted-living home in Medford. “After the war was over, Hoxha was ruthless. If he discovered the names of anyone who had helped us, he had them and their families executed.”

Mr. Hayes had no special role in the group’s survival, but by outliving all his wartime comrades, he became a last conduit for their story, which was related in a 1999 memoir by one of the nurses, and more recently in several books, notably “The Secret Rescue” (2013), by Cate Lineberry, whose account relied heavily on Mr. Hayes’s recollections.

The perilous adventure began two months after Italy surrendered and Allied forces invaded Italy to begin pushing the Germans back across Europe. On Nov. 8, 1943, the nurses, medics and fliers of the Army Air Force’s 807th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron took off from Catania, Sicily, bound for Bari, on Italy’s east coast, where hundreds of wounded troops awaited air evacuation.

Their twin-engine cargo plane carried no weapons, but the pilot, First Lt. Charles Thrasher, 22, anticipated no fighting. With him were a co-pilot, radio operator and crew chief. The nurses, all second lieutenants, were 22 to 32 years old. The medics, including Mr. Hayes, 21, from Indianola, Iowa, were all equivalent to staff sergeants and ranged in age from 21 to 36.

An hour into the flight, the plane became lost in a huge storm over the Adriatic Sea. Its compass and communications failed. Blown 100 miles off course, it crossed the coast of Albania and was intercepted by German fighters and attacked by antiaircraft guns. It plunged to a belly landing in a marsh 25 miles inland. Willis Shumway, 23, the crew chief, was the only casualty, with a knee injury that left him unable to walk.

The disoriented Americans had no idea where they were. Fearing a fuel explosion, they scrambled out of the plane and encountered their first bit of luck. Striding out of a woods was a band of rugged-looking men with rifles and daggers. One spoke a little English. He was Hasan Gina, an anti-German partisan leader. He told the Americans they were in Albania.

Later, they would learn that they were 150 miles east of Bari, on the wrong side of the Adriatic, surrounded by German forces that had occupied Albania for months, and were caught in a civil war between rival partisan groups.

The Americans knew almost nothing of Albania, a small, mostly Muslim country that had changed little in centuries. The mountainous terrain was dotted with impoverished villages. There were no railroads and few roads. Mules and horses were the main transportation. There was little running water or electricity. Winters were brutal, food was scarce, and blood feuds were common among the ferociously proud peoples.

With only a general plan to reach the west coast and somehow cross the Adriatic to Italy, the Americans began walking in the wrong direction. Over the ensuing weeks, guided by the partisans, they trekked through mountains and valleys, sometimes cutting back or traveling in circles to avoid German patrols, living in the open or sheltering in villages and sharing cornbread with peasants.

The Americans were soon listed as missing in action, and War Department telegrams, beginning “regret to inform you,” were sent to their families back home.

The survivors, meantime, carried Sergeant Shumway on a stretcher made of seats from the plane; they later found pack animals for him. After five days, they rested at a partisan-controlled town called Berat, where they were cheered, mistaken for the vanguard of an Allied invasion to liberate Albania. They also met other partisan leaders, and learned of a British agent who had recently parachuted into the country.

Their respite lasted only a few days. Then, they awoke to gunfire and the explosion of artillery shells as German forces entered the town. In the ensuing confusion, German planes strafed a truck carrying some of the escaping Americans. Three nurses were separated from the main group and left behind in Berat; they took refuge in a farmhouse, and remained in hiding in the area for four months.

The main group of Americans climbed on foot to a mountain village and were caught in a crossfire between partisan groups. “It was the first time the Americans had heard of the rival group, and they were beginning to realize they were in as much danger from the country’s internal battle as they were from the Germans,” Ms. Lineberry wrote in “The Secret Rescue.”

They encountered other perils. “Some of the blankets offered to them to ward off the cold night air were infested with fleas and lice,” the author wrote. “Since they’d crashed, most of them had been unable to bathe, aside from splashing some water on their faces and arms from mountain streams or an occasional basin, and they were all filthy and now battling fleas, lice and the GI’s,” Army slang for diarrhea.

The Americans were often unable to find food. Facing starvation, they made tea by boiling straw and ate berries that worsened their diarrhea. Sharing with peasants was sometimes a culture shock. Mr. Hayes and another medic saw a sheep’s head roasted over coals, then split in half with an ax.

“The Americans watched wide-eyed as two women each took one-half of the head and ate everything, including the eyeballs,” Ms. Lineberry wrote. “Nothing was wasted.”

As autumn waned, blizzards enveloped the Americans. Their clothing was too thin. Their shoes were worn out. “Though all their feet soon felt like blocks of ice and their bodies shivered, they knew they had to keep going,” Ms. Lineberry wrote. “The snow was coming down so fast they could barely see the person in front of them, but they had to stay together to avoid losing one another in the blinding white storm.”

On Nov. 27, British intelligence in Albania learned from partisans that the American plane had crashed and that the nurses, medics and crew were alive, trying to reach the coast. Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Allied commander in Europe, as well as President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the families of the missing were told.

In December, an American rescue plan was developed, led by Army Capt. Lloyd G. Smith, 24, who was assigned to the Office of Strategic Services, precursor of the Central Intelligence Agency. Under cover of darkness, he slipped onto the heavily guarded Albanian coast by boat and set up a base camp in a cave in the cliffs overlooking the Adriatic. Others joined him, and they moved inland to find the Americans.

The British, meantime, organized a second rescue effort under Lt. Gavan Duffy, a secret agent who with a small team had reached Albania months earlier by parachute and on foot. Through partisan contacts, he found the Americans in eastern Albania and began leading them westward, intending to reach the coast.

But halfway there, at Gjirokaster, German troops blocked the way, and the Americans were too sick and exhausted to go on. He radioed for an American air rescue. Two C-47 cargo planes flew in with fighter escorts. But the Germans disrupted the landing, and Lieutenant Duffy called it off.

The Americans, after the euphoria of nearly being rescued, were crushed. But they resumed their journey, and with American and British help reached the coast. On Jan. 9, after a 63-day ordeal, 27 Americans — 10 nurses and 17 medics and fliers — boarded a British launch and crossed to Italy.

Three nurses remained behind in German-occupied Berat. Captain Lloyd Smith brought them to safety in March 1944. They rode pack mules most of the way to the coast and were met by a torpedo boat, which took them across the Adriatic.

After the war, Mr. Hayes returned to civilian life, attended Iowa State College and became an aeronautical engineer for North American Aviation, designing military planes and conducting studies for the Air Force and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration until he retired in 1984.

He married the former Betty Allen in 1944. She survives him, as do two daughters, Margaret Bleakley and Victoria Sprott; two brothers, Karl and James; a sister, Virginia McCall; two grandsons and a great-granddaughter.

Harold Lyle Hayes was born in Pekin, Iowa, on April 11, 1922, to Ralph and Jenella Van Gorp Hayes. He graduated from high school in Indianola in 1940. After Japan attacked Pearl Harbor on Dec. 7, 1941, he was drafted, volunteered as a medic and by 1943 was in Sicily, flying evacuation missions.

“When he first returned to Allied lines, he had nightmares of being chased,” Ms. Lineberry wrote of Mr. Hayes. “Those faded with time, but as was true of many in the group, he rarely talked about his ordeal over the years.”

Analysis

The headline of the news clearly describes what the news is about. The news is actually the story of a WWII veteran’s experience before he died.

The lead of the news only told about “who” element because it began with a detail information of this WWII veteran “Harold Hayes”.

Then the next paragraph told about “what” element. In here, the author explain what happen to the Harold Hayes and what is caused his dead. The author also tried to make the data of this news is valid. So, the author also put a cited from his interviewee to confirm of what happen to Harold Hayes before he died.

The following paragraph was still talking about “what” element but after that explained about “how” element after all. There, Harold Hayes told about his experience during WWII to the author.

 

Indonesia probes police unit held in Sudan

  • Tama Salim and Liza Yosephine The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Tue, January 24, 2017 | 05:10 am
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The Indonesian government insists that weapon-smuggling allegations leveled at Indonesian police officers returning from a peacekeeping mission in Sudan are marred with inconsistencies, as officials seek more details on the incident.

“With regard to the case in Sudan, we have information on the incident, [and] there are a number of inconsistencies in the details we received early on. The United Nations are currently conducting an investigation,” Foreign Ministry spokesman Arrmanatha Nasir said on Monday.

National Police chief Gen. Tito Karnavian on Monday met with Foreign Minister Retno LP Marsudi on the issue, but no details of the meeting have been disclosed.

Sudanese media reported over the weekend that the North Darfur administration had detained an Indonesian police unit that was in the process of returning home after serving for one year under the African Union-UN Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID).

The officers were prevented from leaving the country when El-Fasher Airport security seized a large number of weapons and ammunition “found” in luggage believed to belong to the Indonesian Formed Police Unit (FPU), which the unit denied.

“The initial information we received was that the luggage did not belong to the Indonesian police unit,” Arrmanatha said, adding that a team from the National Police was set to leave for Khartoum to seek answers and provide legal assistance to the detainees.

According to the Sudanese Media Center, various weapons and ammunition were unearthed during a search by local authorities, including 29 Kalashnikov rifles, six GM3 rifles and 61 other handguns, as well as large quantities of ammunition.

National Police spokesman Sr. Com. Martinus Sitompul confirmed that the entire 139 personnel of FPU VIII were currently being held in Sudan after local authorities had accused them of attempting to smuggle weapons.

Martinus said the officers had left the Garuda Camp on Saturday, as the replacement team, FPU IX, was due to arrive on the following day.

The outgoing group had left with two containers full of luggage, which had already been checked before being packed, he said, adding that 40 FPU VIII personnel had accompanied the luggage to El Fasher Airport.

He said all scanned items passing through the X-ray eventually ended up piling up some 10 meters away from the machine.

“Airport officials asked several times whether the entire pile belonged to the Indonesian personnel, to which the police personnel repeatedly said ‘no’,” Martinus told The Jakarta Post over the phone on Monday.

Citing an explanation by FPU VIII chief, who was on site, Adj. Sr. Comr. John Hutajulu, Martinus said several items did not belong to the Indonesian group and did not bear the marking sticker to signify ownership.

“They are currently being held, not detained, in a transit camp in Sudan. They are there because the Garuda Camp is already occupied by FPU IX,” Martinus said.

Police had deployed 140 personnel in FPU VIII, which is the maximum number allowed by the UN for the task force. However, Martinus said, one person had returned early due to illness.

According to the UN, the peacekeeping mission in war-torn Sudan comprises 19,248 police and military personnel from various countries. The FPU task force refers only to the police personnel involved in the UNAMID force.

Indonesia first sent the FPU to Darfur in 2008.

The armed conflict in Darfur has claimed between 200,000 and 300,000 civilian lives and displaced more than 2 million people since it began in 2004, according to UN data.

Last week, Tito led a ceremony to see off 140 police officers from the Garuda Bhayangkara II FPU IX to replace the outgoing FPU VIII.

Meanwhile, the Indonesian Military (TNI) has distanced itself from the case, with TNI spokesman Maj. Gen. Wuryanto saying the Garuda Contingent XXXV-B also serving under UNAMID had no role in the incident.

Having consulted with a number of commanders in the field, Wuryanto said the military contingent continued to carry out its duties in Sudan until March.

“What is clear is that no one from the TNI is involved,” he told the Post on Monday.

Indonesia first sent military peacekeepers to serve under UNAMID in February 2015.

Analysis

This news story is told about an incident that happen in Sudan to Indonesian police officers who being accused smuggle weapons when they returning from a peacekeeping mission.

So according to the lead itself, the readers can get certain elements that tells them about what, who, where, and when.

Then on the next paragraph of the news story explained the detail element of “when” or the time of the news. The author also included the interviewee for every single details on it.

“The officers were prevented from leaving the country when El-Fasher Airport security seized a large number of weapons and ammunition “found” in luggage believed to belong to the Indonesian Formed Police Unit (FPU), which the unit denied.” It explained about the “how’ element of the news story.

Actually this is a critical news. So in every elements of the news the author cited from an expert interviewee for giving a valid data to the readers. Because this type of news is very risk in validity of the data.

 

Feature Analysis on ‘Nope, Lindsay Lohan didn’t convert to Islam’

Nope, Lindsay Lohan didn’t convert to Islam

Jacqueline Arias Inquirer.net/Asia News Network

| Wed, January 18, 2017 | 10:48 am

2017_01_18_19633_1484710798-_largeLast December, Lindsay Lohan flew to Dubai for a “period of renewal.” She also wiped her Instagram clean to take a break from social media. With the new bio, some netizens have concluded that she may have converted to Islam during her stay. (Shutterstock.com/Twocoms /File)

Lindsay Lohan caused a buzz last night when she changed her bio to the Arabic phrase “Alaikum salam” (Peace be unto you). This had people thinking whether she’d converted to Islam.

Last December, Lindsay flew to Dubai for a “period of renewal.” She also wiped her Instagram clean to take a break from social media. With the new bio, some netizens have concluded that she may have converted to Islam during her stay. Likewise, Muslims also welcomed her to the religion.

This is also supported by Lindsay’s interest in the religion, the Arabic language, and how she was spotted carrying a Quran in 2015. “In America I was going through a lot with past things that had happened to me over a 10-year span, and my very close friends who have been there for me a lot in London are Saudi, and they gave me [the] Quran and I brought it to New York because I was learning, and it opened doors for me to experience spiritually, to find another true meaning,” she says in an interview with Habertürk TV.

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Lindsay Lohan’s Instagram account.(instagram.com/lindsaylohan/File)

However, a source tells Us Weekly that Lindsay has not converted to Islam. Mom Dina Lohan echoed this, saying that she’s just on a social media hiatus.

Lindsay has kept a low-profile after her controversial breakup with ex-fiancé Egor Tarabasov. Aside from the occasional interviews and paparazzi shots, she’s also cooked with Jamie Oliver for his new show.

Nonetheless, we do wish LiLo the best in whatever path she chooses.

Analysis

By the headline the readers can guess what is the content of the feature.  So, from the headline,  the purpose of the headline is to make the readers surprise then curious about the content of this feature and make the readers keep reading this news to figure out what is actually happen.

Later on, there is several fact that support if Lindsay Lohan has an interest in Islam and several proof that she could be convert to Islam.

Actually in this feature there are two main interests, the first one is the headline like I said before why the headline can persuade the readers to see the feature more. The second one is the picture of her Instagram which shows an evidence if she converts to Islam.

The lead itself makes the readers really surprise about this feature, so it makes a very good begin to persuade the readers to keep reading. Like I was surprised when I read about the first paragraph at the first time. Although the headline actually says about a confirmation of Lindsay Lohan about that gossip.

My further analysis in this feature is the feature is very well organize and has all aspect of 5W+1H. There fore, the feature has very detail information that the readers can find. This feature also includes an evidence and interviewee to make the feature trustworthy to read.

 

News Story Analysis on ‘It was Twitter’: Ministry explains suspension of FPI accounts

‘It was Twitter’: Ministry explains suspension of FPI accounts

Fachrul Sidiq | The Jakarta Post

Jakarta | Wed, January 18, 2017 | 07:08 pm

2016_12_15_17819_1481774740-_largeTwitter Indonesia country head Roy Simangunsong said the most popular moments discussed in 2016 by Indonesian netizens were Ramadhan and achievements in sports. (AP/Richard Drew)

The Communications and Information Ministry has highlighted the right of social media giant Twitter to suspend accounts as it sees fit, including those of the Islam Defenders Front (FPI).

On Sunday, the micro-blogging site suspended three accounts affiliated with the group, namely @DPP_FPI, @syihabrizieq and @HumasFPI.

The director general of information application at the ministry, Samuel Abrijani, said Twitter had its terms of service and rules, and that anyone deemed to be violating those rules could be suspended.

Samuel told The Jakarta Post that the suspension had been entirely the decision of Twitter, without any interference from his office.

“It was Twitter’s decision. Its management has its own terms of service,” he said on Wednesday.

“I don’t know specifically what criteria are used by Twitter to suspend the accounts. I myself do not follow those accounts, so I don’t know [the contents],” he added.

According to Twitter’s explanations, accounts can be suspended because they fail to adhere to the policies set forth in the Twitter rules, which prohibit, among other things, engaging in activities that incite violent threats, hateful conduct on the basis of race, ethnicity, national origin, sexual orientation, gender, gender identity, religious affiliation, age, disability or disease. (evi)

Analysis

This news story is talked important and brief discussion about what is going on in the news. From the title the readers can guess what the news is about. The news is about ministry explanation of suspension the FPI’s twitter account.

As you can see at the beginning of the news there are several information about the author  and the date of the news that places by line section.of the news. The news is written by Fachrul Shidiq and published in The Jakarta Post. It is published on Wednesday, January 18, 2017 at 07:08 pm in Jakarta.

The lead of the news tell us about who, what, how, and, when without where, and why.

In the news lead the who element is The Communications and Information Ministry. The what element is suspending the accounts of Islam Defenders Front (FPI). The how element is who has highlighted the right of social media giant Twitter to suspend accounts. The when element is today , Wednesday.

The where element is explained after the detail information of when and what happen to the news. So the reader is still getting further information about the news and having passion to seek the detail of the news.

Eventually, the authors is not giving his own opinion or point of view about the news. Therefore, he quoted from his interviewee, Samuel Abrijani. The objective of using quotation by the author is to prove to the readers that this news is based on fact and has valid data.

The director general of information application is extra information to show if Samuel Abrijani is an expert in this news field. Then the readers can’t doubt about a validity of this news.

At the end of this news, the why element is finally explained. It talks about the reason of the government ask twitter to ban FPI’s twitter accounts.

 

 

 

 

 

Biography Analysis of Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel Biography

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Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was one of German’s most popular generals during World War II, and gained his enemies’ respect with his victories as commander of the Afrika Korps. Implicated in a plot to overthrow Hitler, Rommel took his life in 1944.

Quick Facts

  • Name : Erwin Rommel
  • Occupation : General
  • Birth Date : November 15, 1891
  • Death Date : October 14, 1944
  • Education : Officer Cadet School, Danzig
  • Place of Birth : Heidenheim, Germany
  • Place of Death : Herrlingen, Germany
  • AKA : der Wüstenfuchs Erwin Rommel
  • Nickname : “Desert Fox” “The People’s Marshal”
  • Full Name : Erwin Johannes Eugen Rommel

Synopsis

Born in Heidenheim, Germany, on November 15, 1891, Erwin Rommel, called “the People’s Marshal” by his countrymen, was one of Adolf Hitler’s most successful generals and one of Germany’s most popular military leaders. After he was implicated in a plot to overthrow Hitler, however, Rommel took his life on October 14, 1944, at age 52, in Herrlingen, Germany.

Early Life and Military Career

Erwin Rommel was born in Heidenheim, Germany, on November 15, 1891. The son of a teacher, Rommel joined the German infantry in 1910 and fought as a lieutenant in World War I, in France, Romania and Italy. He rejected advancement through the regular channels, choosing to remain in the infantry after the war ended.

In February 1940, Rommel was named commander of the 7th Panzer division. The following year, he was appointed commander of German troops (the Afrika Korps) in North Africa. Italian losses to the British in North Africa led Adolf Hitler to send Rommel to Libya, where he laid siege to the port city of Tobruk from April to December 1941. Repulsed by the British, he returned with the Afrika Korps in June 1942 and finally took the city; this attack became known as the Battle of Gazala. Not long after, Rommel was promoted to field marshal by Hitler.

Famed for leading his army from the front rather than the rear, as most generals did, for a time, Rommel enjoyed an unbroken string of successes, and earned the nickname the “Desert Fox” for his surprise attacks. He also became known among his countrymen as the “the People’s Marshal,” gained popularity in the Arab world as a liberator from British rule, and was regarded as both one of Hitler’s most successful generals and one of Germany’s most popular military leaders.

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Field Marshal and Defeat Near El Alamein

Field Marshal Rommel’s success would be short-lived, however. Only five months after the Battle of Gazala, in the fall of 1942, British forces recaptured Tobruk at the (Second) Battle of El Alamein, which took place near the Egyptian city of El Alamein. With North Africa lost, in 1943, Rommel was recalled to Europe to oversee the defense of the Atlantic coast.

In early 1944, Rommel was entrusted with the French Channel coast’s defense against a possible Allied invasion. Around this same time, Rommel began to express doubt about both Germany’s reasons for participating in the war and Hitler’s capability of peace-making, and the field marshal was told by a group of friends that he should lead the nation once Hitler was overthrown. Rommel dismissed the suggestion, unaware at the time that the men had been planning to assassinate the German leader.

Implicated in 1944 July Plot

After the Allied invasion in June 1944 and the resulting push across France, Rommel knew that Germany would lose the war and, thusly, discussed surrendering with other officers. (On D-Day—June 6, 1944—156,000 troops landed in Normandy, and invading forces eventually reached 1 million.)

After the 1944 July Plot—an assassination attempt against Hitler that occurred on July 20, 1944—Rommel’s contact with the conspirators was revealed, thus implicating him in the plot to overthrow Hitler. Rommel was then offered the option of taking his own life to avoid a public trial and protect his family. .

On the October 14, 1944, German officers took Erwin Rommel from his home to a remote location. There he took his own life by biting into a cyanide capsule. He was 52 years old. Rommel was given a full military burial.

Source : Erwin Rommel Biography

Analysis

This article about Erwin Rommel biography by http://www.biography.com has given the readers brief biography of Erwin Rommel. The way that the writer delivers the message of the article is easy to understand and uses of simple language is the one aspect that I appreciate. The readers can know about Erwin Rommel’s story and history easily, although they just read this article.

The subheading is the one aspect that helps the readers to easily the idea of each information in this article such as Quick Facts, Synopsis, Early Life, and His Careers.

The information is quite help full for the readers because it’s given the readers that they are need to know like when he starts his military career, what his biggest achievement, when and where he get his greatest defeat, why he surrender and died.

At the beginning of this article or we call it “the lead”, there is a little bit description of who is Erwin Rommel. It says “Field Marshal Erwin Rommel was one of German’s most popular generals during World War II, and gained his enemies’ respect with his victories as commander of the Afrika Korps. Implicated in a plot to overthrow Hitler, Rommel took his life in 1944.” In here, actually the writer wants to introduce and gives some clues about the article or we can call it nut graph.

The last thing that I want to talk if you want to see the full description or detail information about him you can go to another website. But actually this article is quite clear talked about him.

Danke Schon

 

 

Hannibal

When you hear the word Hannibal, immediately you will think about someone who eat people or do cannibalism to fullfil his pleasure. But “Hannibal” according to history is the name of a general or the greatest commander of Carthage. He could defeat Roman empire with his new brilliant strategy during Second Punic War. 

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